Monthly Report: September 2016Download PDF Download 09-2016-tsavo_trust_public-monthly-report.pdf
|Activity||Hours Flown||Miles Covered|
55 (518 hrs for year to date)
4,030 (39,155 miles for year to date)
|Large "Tuskers"||19 Tuskers - 14 bulls (7 Super Tuskers and 7 emerging Tuskers) and 5 cows|
|Ivory Recovered||8 tusks (43 for year to date)|
|5 (2 natural, 2 unconfirmed, 1 poached)||2 (2 natural)|
|Poachers camps and hides/blinds/platforms||Nil||Nil|
|Carcasses/hours flown||1 every 7.8 hours of flight|
|Arrests||10 - Made by KWS and Kamungi Scouts – (10 hard wood, 1 charcoal)|
|Snares/traps recovered||15 (by Tsavo Trust/Kamungi Scouts – 772 for the year)|
|Response/support to KWS - armed incidents||Nil (2 for year to date)|
|Other Illegal actvities||9 cattle bomas (16,200 plus cows and 33+ people seen)|
|General important/relevant notes||
Photo of the iconic Tsavo Tusker coded as SA2 being shielded by one of his younger “askaris” (watchmen). Over the last 1,000 days (33 months), SA2 has been observed 151 times either from the Tsavo Trust/KWS joint ground teams or from the air. This equates to 1 observation every week.
Big Tusker Project - aerial and ground teams (Tembo 2):
The Tsavo Trust’s Big Tusker Project (BTP) recorded the following details in the BTP database:
- Total of 19 different individual Tusker’s were observed from ground and air coverage
- 7 bull Super Tuskers – 36 different sightings
- 7 emerging Tuskers – 16 sightings
- 5 iconic cow Tuskers – 7 sightings
- Total sightings – 59
- Loss of Cow Tusker F_SA1 – Tsavo Trust’s Tembo 2 ground team found her collapsed but still just alive on 16/9/16 in TENP. She sadly died shortly afterwards leaving a young 1 year old calf behind. Cause of death: old age and severe dry spell. KWS vet unit was immediately notified and also DSWT who later came and collected the young calf for hand rearing. F_SA1 was reported in Tsavo Trust August16 report as looking very old and frail (see photo below).
- Rhino security: Ongoing partnership between KWS, Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Tsavo Trust regarding rhino areas within the TCA. 8 specific rhino recce flights took place- covering parts of TWNP NRS, TW IPZ and TENP IPZ, including air evacuation of seriously injured Ranger in TENP following having been hit by a rhino (he has recovered well thankfully).
|This photo shows the collapsed cow Tusker F_SA1, taken by Kyalo Kimaile, who heads the Tsavo Trust’s Tembo 2 Team, on 16th September 2016 in TENP. Behind her is her little calf. She died naturally of old age.||This photo of F_SA1’s lower jaw very clearly shows the tooth wear that has taken shape over many years. Probably well over 50 years of age? What a story she could have told?|
Table shows “Tusker” code, number of times observed during month and brief remarks.
|Tusker Code||No. Times
Seen / Month
|LU1||7||Crosses SGR regularly. Frequents an unsafe area!|
|SA2||9||Moved back to normal location|
|KA1||7||Moved back to normal dry season location|
|IL1||1||Lives in very difficult area to locate, no roads and lots of lave and thick bush|
|D11||7||Normal area and a real creature of habit. Looking very old and frail|
|BA1||1||Moving large distances to water.Not in safe area!|
|WS1||4||Back inside Park|
|BU1||1||Roams far and wide|
|MA1||3||Back to normal location|
|SA80||5||Back to normal area|
|AR1||2||Back to normal area|
|KI1||3||Back to normal location|
|EM1||1||Moves long distances to water. Not in safe area!|
|KO1||1||Moves long distances to water. Not in safe area!|
|F_DI1||1||Back to her normal location|
|F_MU1||2||Back to her normal area|
|F_VPL||2||Has moved big distances|
|F_KA1||1||Has moved long distances|
|F_SA1||1||Died naturally of old age 16/9/16 TENP|
|Total||14 bulls, 5, cows: 59 different sighings|
|Close working relationship between KWS and Tsavo Trust (aerial and ground units combined) is without doubt adding to elephant security and safety of the big Tuskers and other elephants within the TCA through meaningful collaboration alongside KWS Security and Research and Monitoring Departments.|
Photo of the iconic bull “Tusker” coded as KA1, taken on 24th September, here enjoying a mud bath. Tsavo is currently in the throws of a very dry spell and several elephant have succumbed as a result.
Areas Covered: Table below shows the main areas covered within the TCA for this month:
Ranches and Dispersal Areas
Northern Area – Yatta Plateau, Durusikale, Garasamuke, Emusaya, Golf Charlie, Koitu, Sobo, Sangayaya, Dabaduke, Mufupa ya Ndovu
Northern Sector – IPZ, Mangalete, Kamboyo, Kisimeka, Chyulu south, Mtito lugga, Mungai Hill, Finch Hattons, Mzima Springs, Shetani volcano, Severin, Kilaguni, Ndawe, Tsavo River
TENP border – Ngiluni/Kamunyu, Kilalinda, Kulalu, Derea, Murondo, Magram/Dakota Ranch, Ngutuni
Map below shows flight paths for September 2016 where 55 hours were flown in support to KWS for anti-poaching and wildlife monitoring across 4,030 miles over the Tsavo’s
Kamungi Scouts – Following one week off duty (1st to 7th Sept16) the Kamungi Scouts were active on patrol alongside KWS, mainly in TWNP. Only 15 snares for small and medium game recovered and 10 arrests made for wood and charcoaling. Notable activities:
- 9th to 14th: 10 arrests (14/9/16) made in TWNP, Mangalete line for illegal wood collection and charcoal burning.
- 15th to 22nd – Scouts performed bush road clearing in a specified section of the TENP Triangle following relevant permissions.
- 23rd to 26th: 3 consecutive nights of joint KWS/TT night ambushes in TWNP following finding tracks of poachers. No encounters or arrests made.
- 27th to 30th: Joint KWS/TT cattle drive in the Ziwani areas with at least 3,000 cows being pushed out of Park.
Photo shows a freshly strangled dikdik caught in a snare. The dikdik has been partially eaten by another predator.
Endangered species/Predator Monitoring – support to KWS/TCA Research Departments
Predators Observed from the air and Tembo 2 ground unit:
|6/9/16||11 (3F, 8 cubs)||1 (M)||-||-||-||-||TENP and TWNP|
|9/9/16||5 + 6||-||-||-||-||-||TENP|
|16/9/16||4 + 2 (1M, 1F)||-||-||-||-||-||TENP|
|17/9/16||1 (F)||1 (F)||-||-||-||-||TENP|
|19/9/16||-||-||-||9 (7 pups)||-||-|
|20/9/16||1 (F) + 4 cubs||-||-||-||-||-||TENP|
|26/9/16||2 (M) 2 (F)||-||-||-||-||-||TENP|
Critically Endangered Species Observed from air and Tembo 2 (not incl. rhino or wild dog):
Tsavo Trust’s Tembo 2 team operates in partnership with TENP Research and Monitoring unit and covers predator and endangered species monitoring as well as Big Tusker Monitoring. Grevy’s zebra monitoring is regularly carried out, whereby information gathered from the field on rear right side strip patterns feed into the Grevy’s zebra database for individual ID purposes. To date at least 33 individuals have been ID’d as a result and still counting. Tsavo also holds approximately 70 critically endangered Hirola. It is believe that fewer than 500 individuals remain on earth.
|17/9/16||9+15||-||TENP, Konu Moja|
|20/9/16||8||1||TENP, Mukuaja and Buchuma|
|28/9/16||-||5+2+2||Ranches, Taita, Rukinga|
|Total sightings||53||18||33 GZ positively ID'd to date|
Unusual Photo of the Month:
Photo, taken in late September 2016, shows an aerial view of the Tsavo River (brown water) junction with Athi River (green and heavily polluted).
Is this an “algal bloom”? Or is it much worse. Considering what goes into the Athi River from Nairobi, it suggests we have a much larger environmental issue to address.
With thanks and appreciation to:
Kenya Wildlife Service, Save The Elephants/Wildlife, Conservation Network Elephant Crisis Fund (ECF), Stuart Herd, Nick Southgate, James Robertson, Tusk Trust UK & USA, The Woodtiger Fund, US Fish & Wildlife Service, Zoological Society of London, Ndovu Trust (UK), US State Dept., Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, Wines of the World Ltd, Africa Spirits Ltd, Mike Kirkland/Torben Rune, Satao Camp (Tsavo East) and Southern Cross Safaris (Msa), Tropical Ice Ltd, International Foundation for Animal Welfare (IFAW), Salama Fikira, Ian Craig, The Art of BAS & Oak Furniture Ltd (UK), Geri Bauer, Kathy Snowden, Murray Grant, Simon Herd, Saving the Survivors, Karen Laurence-Rowe, OnSafari Kenya Ltd, Anadarko Kenya Co., Askari Project – Australia, Chris Acreman, Paul & James Wilson, Eaton Electric, Enable Green Energy, Michael Cheffings, Pembroke House School and numerous other individual supporters.