Monthly Report: July 2017Download PDF Download 07-2017_public_tsavo_trust_monthly_report.pdf
Aerial and Ground Operations ("Big Tusker Project") Summary:
|Activity||Hours Flown||Miles Covered|
54 (530 for year)
3,879 (39,621 for year)
|Big "Tuskers"||9 Tuskers - 6 bulls (4 Super Tuskers and 2 emerging Tuskers) and 3 cows|
|Ivory Recovered||5 elephant tusks (51 for year to date - largest 53.5 and 52.5kg)|
|Fresh (less than 3 weeks old)||Recent (less than 3 months old)|
|2 (c of d: 1 poached, 1 natural)|| 1 (c of d: natural)
|Carcasses / hours flown||1 every 18 hours of flight|
|Poachers camps and hides/blinds/platforms||Fresh - 2|| Recent - Nil
|Arrests||3 - by KWS / TT – (3 bush-meat poachers - 78 for year to date)|
|Snares/traps recovered||237 (by Tembo Teams - 625 for year to date )|
|Response/support to KWS - armed incidents||Nil ( 5 for year to date)|
|Other Illegal actvities||108 cattle bomas (22,300 plus cows, 7,000 shoats)|
|Written reports to KWS||42 (daily emails, various reports, various communications and 1 monthly report)|
|General and significant notes||
Photo below shows members of Kamungi Conservancy, located on TENP, Triangle northern boundary, enjoying clean water for the first time on tap. Tsavo Trust helped set up Kamungi Conservancy in 2014 and continues to play the pivotal stewardship role in its future development. Here, through donor funds raised by Tsavo Trust, a borehole, solar pump & panels, 2.5-kilometer pipeline and more are now in place. As a result of this project, already illegal activities such as bushmeat poaching and charcoaling have ceased to be a common threat along this section of TE National Park.
Big Tusker Project - aerial and ground teams:
Tsavo Trust’s Big Tusker Project (BTP) recorded the following details in the BTP database:
Total of 9 different individual Tusker’s were observed from ground and air coverage.
Total of 9 different individual Tusker’s were observed from ground and air coverage.
4 bull Super Tuskers – 10 different sightings.
2 Emerging bull Tuskers – 2 sightings.
3 iconic cow Tuskers – 12 sightings.
- Total sightings – 24
- Weather conditions: Very dry and strong winds.
- Elephant mortality: Number of carcasses found remain low, with only 1 poached elephant located (snared), the other 2 were natural deaths.
- Rhino security: 8 rhino specific aerial recces took place with KWS / TT aircraft in TWNP and TENP. TT - Tembo 3 team continued in support to KWS in ground operations in the TW IPZ. Strong and valuable 3-way partnership between KWS / ZSL & TT continues with specific focus on rhino protection in TWNP.
Table 1: Shows “Tusker” code, number of times observed during month and brief remarks.
|Tusker Code||No. Times
Seen / Month
|LU1||5||In good health but requents an unsafe area!|
|IL1||3||In worrying and unsafe location!|
|BA1||1||In worrying and unsafe remote location!|
|WS1||1||In a worrying and unsafe location outside Park!|
|DR1||1||Still outside of Park!|
|F_VPL||3||Looking very old and thin, always alone now!|
|F_MU1||8||Normal area. Looking very old and thin. Always seen with her s/adult calf|
|F_XT||1||Back to normal location and in good health|
|Total||6 bulls, 3 cows: 24 different sighings|
|Close working relationship between KWS and Tsavo Trust (aerial and ground units combined) is without doubt adding to elephant security and safety of the big Tuskers and other elephants within the TCA through meaningful collaboration alongside KWS Security and Research and Monitoring Departments.|
Photo shows one of Tsavo’s iconic cow Tuskers coded as F_MU1 on 22nd July 2017, TENP, along with her calf.Photo shows one of Tsavo’s iconic cow Tuskers coded as F_MU1 on 22nd July 2017, TENP, along with her calf.Tsavo Trust has known F_MU1 well for 4 years now. She must be at least 50 plus years of age now and in her twilight years.What a story she could tell?
Areas Covered: Table 2: Shows the main areas covered within the TCA for this month:
Ranches and Dispersal Areas
Northern Area – Yatta Plateau, Durusikale, Garasamuke, Emusaya, Golf Charlie, Koitu, Sobo, Sangayaya, Dabaduke, Mufupa ya Ndovu, Tiva River, Ndiandaza, Ya Kalicha, Roka
Southern Area – Voi, Ndololo, Kanderi, Wagalla, Ndara Plains, Buchuma, Maungu, Murondo, Dakota, Voi River, Dika Plains, Satao, power lines, Aruba, Mukuaju, Dika, Konu Moja, Dida Harea, Balguda, Sala, Lali, Sobo, TENP boundary, Koitu, Galana River
Central Area – TE R/S, IPZ, Manyani east, Punda Milia, Hatulo Bisani, Lugards, Mbololo lugga, Balguda, Irima, Mudanda, Maka Hill, Man-eaters, Triangle, Mtito Lugga, Zero Delta, Voi north & east, Galana River, Tsavo River and Yatta Central, SGR
Northern Sector – IPZ, Mangalete, Kamboyo, Kisimeka, Chyulu south, Mtito lugga, Mungai Hill, Finch Hattons, Mzima Springs, Shetani volcano, Severin, Kilaguni, Ndawe, Tsavo River
Southern Sector – Lake Jipe, Salaita, Toloa, Kanjaro, Kamshari, TZ border
Central Sector – IPZ, Rhino Valley, NRS, Tsavo River, Kinyek, Maji ya Chumvi (north & south), Ziwani, Lesoito, Kyulu, Manda, Kishushe, Murka, Mombasa Highway, Man Easters, Kenani, Kanga, Manyani north and west, SGR line
TENP border -Ngiluni/Kamunyu, Kulalu, Derea, Murondo, Magram/Dakota Ranch, Ngutuni, Kilifi & Galana Ranch
TWNP border – Ziwani and Lualenyi
Chyulu Hills NP - Nil
Taita Ranches – Nil
Map below shows flight paths for July 2017 where 54 hours were flown in support to KWS for anti-poaching, wildlife monitoring and aerial census operations covering 3,879 miles over the Tsavo’s.
Field Mobile Units:
All Tsavo Trust mobile field units work alongside in support of KWS on a daily basis. Tembo 1 and 3 teams are anti-poaching focused whilst Tembo 2 team is monitoring and research dedicated.
Table 7: Shows outcomes from anti-poaching activities from Temboa 1 and 3 teams:
|Anti-poaching teams||No. Field days||No. arrests||No. Ivory recvd.||No. Snares recvd.||Bushmeat recvd.||Poachers equip. recvd.||No. Poacher camps||Vehicle mileage Km|
|Tembo 1||30||1||Nil||55||29kg Lesser Kudu||1 bicycle, 1 panga, 2 knives, cooking equip.||2||3,067|
|Tembo 3 Kamungi||31||2||Nil||176||3 dikdiks||Cooking equips., 12 bags charcoal||Nil||2,764|
|TOTALS||61||3||Nil||237||As above||As above||2||5,831|
Photo shows a bushmeat poacher arrested with 2 poached lesser kudu by Tembo 1 team on 8th July 2017 on Giriama Ranch outside TENP, southern boundary.
.He was later charged in court.
Table 8: Shows activities carried out by Tembo 2 team:
|Monitoring team||No. Field days||Activities||Endangered species records / sightings||Operating locations||Vehicle mileage km|
||TENP, Voi River, Satao, Buchuma, Dakota, Ndara, Aruba, Manyani, KMC, Lugards, Galana River, Msa Rd., Dida Harea||2,806|
|TOTALS||16||As above||As above||As above||2,806|
Photo taken by Tembo 2 monitoring team on 27th July 2017 of an injured elephant with an arrow head in his lower right foot. This elephant was close to the southern boundary of TENP and it is likely the elephant came from crops outside of the Park. KWS Vet Unit alerted and the arrow head removed.
Other Tsavo Trust Activities in brief:
Community Program: KAMUNGI CONSERVANCY:
Ongoing partnership and stewardship development between Tsavo Trust and Kamungi Conservancy (bordering northern boundary of TENP – Triangle) continues in varying ways:
- Kamungi Water Project - bore hole, solar pump equipment and a 2.5-kilometer delivery pipe line to Ngiluni village has been put in place. Testing has also been done and the residents of Ngiluni have clean water on tap for the first time. This is a “game changer” for this community as will assist KWS and Tsavo Trust in combating the Illegal Wildlife Trade in this area.Kamungi Water Project - bore hole, solar pump equipment and a 2.5-kilometer delivery pipe line to Ngiluni village has been put in place. Testing has also been done and the residents of Ngiluni have clean water on tap for the first time. This is a “game changer” for this community as will assist KWS and Tsavo Trust in combating the Illegal Wildlife Trade in this area.
- Human Elephant Conflict (HEC) – A fourth elephant / bee fence has been set up under the Elephant & Bees Project (pioneered by Lucy King and Save The Elephants). There are now 60 bee hives within Kamungi Conservancy and we eagerly await the first harvest early next year.
- HWC – Crocodile Attack – 15-year-old Betty Wambua (previously reported on) is still in the recovery process. Incidentally one of the daily medical applications to this severe crocodile wound is honey, applied daily and this remedy is working well.
Animal Welfare Program: LEOPARD RELEASE PROGRAM:
- Dotty the female leopard is now 15 months old and continues to thrive in her home in TENP. Recently she spent 6 nights out and returned in good health and a full belly, showing she had fended for herself well. Her days of going fully wild are fast approaching as she reaches full adulthood. A GPS satellite collar has been purchased and will be deployed next month.
- Tsavo Trust has recently taken on a second orphaned female leopard for release into Tsavo, from KWS, called “Sophie”. The lengthy process of rehabilitation has started well.
Photo shows Dotty, in top health, observing her territory in TENP, Triangle area on 5th July 2017.
She is spending longer and longer away from her release boma. In July, she spent 6 nights out in one spell.
- In preparation for the deployment of Tembo 4 research and monitoring team to TWNP to support KWS in varying field activities, Tsavo Trust implemented the renovation of the Kamboyo Airstrip housing facility where Tembo 4 will be accommodated.
Photo shows the Kamboyo airstrip building before renovation on 1st June 2017
Photo shows Kamboyo airstrip building after renovation on 20th July 2017
UNUSUAL PHOTO OF THE MONTH:
This unusual aerial photo, taken by Tsavo Trust’s Josh Outram, shows an upside-down elephant skull, with ivory still intact, partially submerged in the Galana River, TENP on 11th July 2017.This unusual aerial photo, taken by Tsavo Trust’s Josh Outram, shows an upside-down elephant skull, with ivory still intact, partially submerged in the Galana River, TENP on 11th July 2017.
As the river has receded it has now exposed the skull and ivory in this uncommon view.Both tusks were later recovered.
With Sincere thanks and appreciation to:
Kenya Wildlife Service, Save The Elephants/Wildlife Conservation Network Elephant Crisis Fund (ECF), US Fish & Wildlife Service, The Oak Foundation, Zoological Society of London (ZSL), Stuart Herd, Sir Colin Southgate, Nick Southgate, Alex Graham, Dr. David K.P. Li, Nick Powell, James Robertson, International Foundation for Animal Welfare (IFAW), Tusk Trust (UK) and Tusk USA, The Woodtiger Fund, Ndovu Trust (UK), US Aid, Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, International Elephant Foundation (IEF), Disney/Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Mike Kirkland/Torben Rune, Satao Camp (Tsavo East) and Southern Cross Safaris (Msa), Tropical Ice Ltd, Askari Project – Australia, Salama Fikira, Origins Safaris, JW Seagon Insurance, The Art of BAS & Oak Furnitureland, Geri Bauer, Karen Laurence-Rowe, OnSafari Kenya-Anthony Cheffings, Kathy Snowden, Simon Herd, Saving the Survivors, Anadarko Kenya Co., Chris Acreman, Paul and James Wilson, Dutch Flower Foundation, Alex Hunter – InsidersAfrica, Michael Cheffings, Pembroke House School and numerous other individual supporters.
Report compiled by Richard Moller – Chief Executive Officer, Tsavo Trust
All photographs ©Richard Moller / Tsavo Trust 2017
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