Monthly Report: December 2017Download PDF Download 12-2017-tsavo_trust_public_monthly_report.pdf
Aerial and Ground Operations ("Big Tusker Project") Summary:
|Activity||Hours Flown||Kilometres Covered|
70 (867 for year)
8,414 km (103,777 km for year)
|Field Patrol Days||Kilometres Covered|
(Joint KWS / Tsavo Trust)
|Protection teams: 61 days
Monitoring teams: 43 days
|Protection teams: 8,123 km
Monitoring teams: 6,646 km
|Big "Tuskers"||10 Tuskers - 9 bulls (3 Super Tuskers and 6 emerging Tuskers) and 1 cow|
|Ivory Recovered||30 elephant tusks (241 for year to date - largest 53.5 and 52.5kg)|
|Fresh (less than 3 weeks old)||Recent (less than 3 months old)|
|2 (c of d: 2 natural)|| 13 (c of d: 13 natural)
|Carcasses / hours flown||1 every 4.6 hours of flight|
|Poachers camps and hides/blinds/platforms||Fresh - 1|| Recent - Nil
|Arrests||3 - by KWS / Tsavo Trust – details CONFIDENTIAL|
|Snares/traps recovered||145 (by Tembo Teams - 1,008 for year to date )|
|Written reports to KWS||58 (daily email reports, various communications and 1 monthly report)|
|General and significant notes||
Photo shows Tsavo Trust's second Super Cub aircraft reg. 5Y NRF in action over Tsavo on 9th December 2017.
\Wildlife Conservation Program
'Big Tusker Project' - aerial and Mobile ground teams:
Tsavo Trust’s Big Tusker Project (BTP) recorded the following details in the BTP database:
- Total of 10 different individual Tusker's were observed from ground and air coverage. This was a very low number of recordings due to widespread dispersal due to rains.
- 3 bull Super Tuskers - 4 different sightings.
- 6 Emerging bull Tuskers - 9 sightings.
- 1 iconic cow Tuskers - 1 sightings.
- Total sightings – 14
- Weather conditions: Tsavo Trust HQ rainfall: Nil. Other parts and Tsavo greened up significantly.
- Elephant mortality: 15 carcasses located (2 fresh,12 recent and 1 old with ivory intact): All confirmed as natural deaths realted to drought and starvation.
- Rhino security: Regular aerial recces in support of KWS over TWNP rhino areas in partnership with ZSL. 7 rhino specific air recces resulted in 2,220km flown over 16.5 hrs.
Table 1: Shows “Tusker” code, number of times observed during month and brief remarks.
|Tusker Code||No. Times
Seen / Month
|LU1||1||In good health and in Musth|
|KO1||2||Moved to safer location inside the Park|
|IL1||2||Moved eastwards with rains. In Musth|
|MU1||1||Normal location. In Musth|
|EM1||1||Back to original location|
|EM1||1||Back to original location, not seen for last 6 months!|
|GO1||4||Normal location. In Musth|
|WA1||1||Normal location. In Musth|
|Total||9 bulls, 1 cow: 14 different sighings|
|Close working relationship between KWS and Tsavo Trust (aerial and ground units combined) is without doubt adding to elephant security and safety of the big Tuskers and other elephants within the TCA through meaningful collaboration alongside KWS Security and Research and Monitoring Departments.|
Photo below shows the magnificent cow Tusker coded as F_DH1 with her family unit, December 2017.
Areas Covered: Table 2: Shows the main areas covered within the TCA for this month:
Ranches and Dispersal Areas
Northern Area – Yatta Plateau, Durusikale, Garasamuke, Emusaya, Golf Charlie, Koitu, Sobo, Sangayaya, Dabaduke, Mufupa ya Ndovu, Tiva River, Ndiandaza, Ya Kalicha, Roka
Southern Area – Voi, Ndololo, Kanderi, Wagalla, Ndara Plains, Buchuma, Maungu, Murondo, Dakota, Voi River, Dika Plains, Satao, power lines, Aruba, Mukuaju, Dika, Konu Moja, Dida Harea, Balguda, Sala, Lali, Sobo, TENP boundary, Koitu, Galana River
Central Area – TE R/S, IPZ, Manyani east, Punda Milia, Hatulo Bisani, Lugards, Mbololo lugga, Balguda, Irima, Mudanda, Maka Hill, Man-eaters, Triangle, Mtito Lugga, Zero Delta, Voi north & east, Galana River, Tsavo River and Yatta Central, SGR
Northern Sector – IPZ, Mangalete, Kamboyo, Kisimeka, Chyulu south, Mtito lugga, Mungai Hill, Finch Hattons, Mzima Springs, Shetani volcano, Severin, Kilaguni, Ndawe, Tsavo River
Southern Sector – Murka, Maktau
Central Sector – IPZ, Rhino Valley, NRS, Tsavo River, Kinyek, Maji ya Chumvi (north & south), Ziwani, Lesoito, Kyulu, Manda, Kishushe, Murka, Mombasa Highway, Man Easters, Kenani, Kanga, Manyani north and west, SGR line
TENP border -Ngiluni/Kamunyu, Kulalu, Derea, Murondo, Magram/Dakota Ranch, KMC, Ngutuni, Kilifi & Galana Ranch
TWNP border – Ziwani and Rombo
Chyulu Hills NP - Nil
Taita Ranches – Nil
December 2017 flight paths over Tsavo:
70 hours flown, 8,414 kilometers covered
Supporting KWS activities:
• Air and ground operations
• Big Tusker monitoring
• Illegal activities
• Endangered species monitoring
• Aerial census work
Field Mobile Units:
All Tsavo Trust's mobile field units work in support of KWS on a daily basis. Tembo 1 and 3 (inclduding Kamungi Scouts) teams are de-snaring focused whilst Tembo 2 and Tembo 4 teams are monitoring and research dedicated. These teams provide further "eyes and ears on the ground".
Table 7: Shows outcomes from anti-poaching activities from Tembo 1 and 3 teams:
|De-snaring teams||No. Field days||No. arrests||No. Ivory recvd.||No. Snares recvd.||Bushmeat recvd.||Poachers equip. recvd.||No. Poacher camps||Vehicle mileage Km|
(7 Tsavo Trust men + 3 KWS men)
|14||70||7kg Lesser Kudu meat||Confidential||1||4,617|
|Tembo 3 Kamungi
(12 Tsavo Trust men + 3 KWS men)
|TOTALS||61||-||16||145||As above||As above||1||8,123|
Table 8: Shows activities carried out by Tembo 2 and Tembo 4 teams – research and monitoring:
|Monitoring team||No. Field days||Activities||Endangered species records / sightings||Operating locations||Vehicle mileage km|
||TENP, Voi River, Satao, Buchuma, Dakota, Ndara, Aruba, Manyani, KMC, Lugards, Koitu, Emusaya, Galana River, Msa Rd., Dida Harea||4,137|
(2 Tsavo Trust staff + 2 KWS)
||TWNP, Kamboyo, Mangalete, Kilaguni, Mzima, Shetani, Finch H, Ziwani, Kitani, Tsavo River, Rhino Valley, IPZ, NRS||2,509|
|TOTALS||43||As above||As above||As above||6,646|
Other Tsavo Trust Activities in brief:
Community Conservancy Program: KAMUNGI CONSERVANCY
Partnership between Tsavo Trust and Kamungi Conservancy (bordering northern boundary of TENP - Triangle) continues to thrive in many ways;
- Employment (35 permanent employees and an average of 15 casual employees monthly, all from this community)
- Kamungi Water project is fully functional providing water directly to Ngiluni Village
- Tsavo Trust employs a Community Liaison Officer (CLO) to help coordinate varying activities as well as maintaining a record of all HWC between Mtito Andei and TT HQ
- HWC - Elephant Bee Fences - currently 5 x 1 acre plots have been fenced using this unique fencing design (by Dr. Lucy King and Save The Elephants)
- Management Plan - Kamungi Management Plan (5 years - 2018 to 2022) is in its final stages before going to print
Animal Welfare Program: LEOPARD RELEASE PROGRAM:
- “Dotty” the female leopard (now at least 20 months old and an adult) has now been totally integrated back to the wild. Following her dropping her sat. collar in November17, we have been unable to locate her for long enough to be able to re-fit her collar. Although this has curtailed the impressive and positive data we were collecting to that point, the previous 3 months of analysis (whilst she wore the sat. collar) clearly shows that leopard releases back to the wild can in fact work, given the right circumstances and commitment by those mandated to perform this activity. We are convinced Dotty is still doing well. In line with our partnership and agreement with KWS, a very detailed Post Release Monitoring Report (Aug17 to Nov17) was prepared by International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and Tsavo Trust that captures all the necessary details of Dotty's release.
- “Sophie” it is with a heavy heart that the second leopard under rehabilitation at Tsavo Trust, tragically and mysteriously died on 27th December 2017. Efforts to halt her rapid decline were not successful. We cannot be 100% sure, but the cause of her totally unexpected death could possibly be attributed to the venomous bite from a large brown spitting cobra (Naja Ashie) which are numerous in this area.
UNUSUAL PHOTO OF THE MONTH:
Photo below taken by Josh Outram (Tsavo Trust) shows a magnificent young female leopard in the Tsavo Triangle, TENP, close to Tsavo Trust HQ on 21st December 2017.
With Sincere thanks and appreciation to:
Kenya Wildlife Service, Save The Elephants/Wildlife Conservation Network/Elephant Crisis Fund (ECF), US Fish & Wildlife Service, The Oak Foundation, Zoological Society of London (ZSL), US-Aid / DOI, Tusk Trust UK & USA, Stuart Herd, Sir Colin Southgate, Nick Southgate, Alex Graham, Dr. David K.P. Li, Nick Powell, James Robertson, International Foundation for Animal Welfare (IFAW), The Woodtiger Fund, Markus Jebsen, Ndovu Trust (UK), Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, The Davies Family, Leopardess Foundation (Nicole Honegger), Paul Block, International Elephant Foundation (IEF), Disney/Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Mike Kirkland/Torben Rune - Satao Camp (Tsavo East) & Southern Cross Safaris (Msa), Tropical Ice Ltd, Askari Project - Australia, Salama Fikira, Origins Safaris, JW Seagon Insurance, The Art of BAS & Oak Furniture Land, Howard Saunders, Sandor Carter, Geri Bauer, Karen Laurence-Rowe, OnSafari-Kenya-Anthony Cheffings, Kathy Snowden, Saving the Survivors, Anadarko Kenya Co., Chris Acreman, Paul & James Wilson, Dutch Flower Foundation, Alex Hunter - Insiders Africa, Simon Herd, Spidertracks, Michael Cheffings, Pembroke House School and numerous other individual supporters.
Report compiled by Richard Moller – Chief Executive Officer, Tsavo Trust
All photographs ©Richard Moller / Tsavo Trust 2017
© Richard Moller and Tsavo Trust, 2012 to 2017. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited.